Class Six English Unseen Passage With Bangla

Unseen Passage – 1 

Read the following text carefully and answer the questions. (wb‡Pi cvV¨vskwU g‡bv‡hvM mnKv‡i co Ges  cªkœ¸‡jvi DËi `vI|)

Einstein was a great scientist. He was born in 1879. As a child, Einstein was very lonely and shy. He preferred to play by himself in the parks and woods. He studied in a secondary school. He first realised the wonders of science at the age of four when he was introduced the magnets and their properties by his father. Einstein later said, “That experience made a deep lasting impression on me.” Later his life as a kid, Einstein’s uncle Jacob introduced him mathematics and specifically equations. He led a very simple life.

School was an unpleasant experience for Einstein. At the age of fifteen, Einstein went to Milan, Italy with his family. In Italy he felt free for the first time, with nobody to guide every step of his daily life. He travelled through countryside, visited museums and art galleries, attended concerts and lectures and most of all read books and more books. He had an incredible taste for knowledge. He died in 1955.

 Word Meaning with Synonyms :  scientist (mvB‡qbwU÷)n. — ˆeÁvwbK; one who researches about something. lonely (†jvbwj)adj. — GKvKx; alone. shy (mvB)adj. — jvRyK; bashful. prefer (†cÖdvi)v. — AwaKZi cQ›` Kiv; to choose one thing better than another. realise (wiqvjvBR)v. — eyS‡Z cviv; understand. woods (DWm)n. — eb; forest. properties (cÖcviwUR)n. — ˆewkó¨, ag©; features. experience (G·wcwi‡qÝ)n. — AwfÁZv; skill. introduce (B‡›UªvwWDm)v.— cwiPq Kwi‡q †`qv; bring in. specifically (†¯úwmwdK¨vwj)adv. — mywbw`©ófv‡e; definitely. unpleasant (AvbwcøR¨v›U)adj. — AcÖxwZKi; displeasing. step (†÷c)n.— c`‡ÿc; measure.

 e½vbyev` :  AvBb÷vBb wQ‡jb GKRb gnvb weÁvbx| wZwb 1879 mv‡j Rš§MÖnY K‡iwQ‡jb| ˆkk‡e AvBb÷vBb wQ‡jb Lye wbtm½ Ges jvRyK| wZwb wb‡R wb‡R †Lvjv D`¨v‡b Ges e‡bi g‡a¨ †Lj‡Z †ewk cQ›` Ki‡Zb| wZwb gva¨wgK ch©šÍ cov‡jLv K‡iwQ‡jb| Pvi eQi eq‡m wZwb cÖ_g weÁv‡bi we¯§qKi w`K¸‡jv eyS‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb hLb Zvi wcZv Zv‡K Py¤^K Ges Zvi ag©¸‡jv m¤ú‡K© cwiPq Kwi‡q w`‡qwQ‡jb| AvBb÷vBb cieZx©‡Z e‡jwQ‡jb, ÒH AwfÁZv Avgvi Dci `xN©¯’vqx cÖfve †d‡jwQj|Ó cieZx©‡Z Zvi ˆkk‡e AvBb÷vB‡bi PvPv R¨vKe Zv‡K MwYZ Ges mywbw`©ófv‡e MwY‡Zi mgxKiY¸‡jvi mv‡_ cwiPq Kwi‡q w`‡qwQ‡jb| wZwb LyeB mvaviY Rxebhvcb Ki‡Zb|

we`¨vjq wQj AvBb÷vB‡bi Rb¨ GKwU AcÖxwZKi AwfÁZv| c‡b‡iv eQi eq‡m, AvBb÷vBb Zvi cwiev‡ii mv‡_ BZvwji wgjv‡b P‡j wM‡qwQ‡jb| BZvwj‡Z wZwb cÖ_gev‡ii Rb¨ wb‡R‡K gy³ Abyfe K‡iwQ‡jb, KviY †KD Zvi cÖvZ¨wnK Rxe‡bi cÖwZwU c`‡ÿc wbqš¿Y KiZ bv| wZwb MÖvgv‡j ågY Ki‡Zb, Rv`yNi I AvU© M¨vjvwi cwi`k©b Ki‡Zb, m½xZvbyôv‡b †h‡Zb Ges me‡P‡q eo K_v A‡bK A‡bK eB co‡Zb| Ávb AR©‡bi cÖwZ Zvi Awek¦vm¨ iK‡gi ¯ú„nv wQj| wZwb 1955 mv‡j gviv hvb|

  1. Complete the following table with the information given in the text. (cvV¨vs‡k cÖ`Ë Z_¨ †_‡K wb‡Pi †UwejwU m¤ú~Y© Ki|) 1 × 5 = 5
Who/What Event/Activity Institute/Place/ Objectives When/Time
Einstein preferred to play (i) ………………. in his childhood.
He realised the wonders of science (ii) …………….
He went to Italy (iii) ……………….
(iv) ……………….. felt free in Italy in his daily life.
He (v) ……………….. countryside in his early life.
  1. Read the passage again and write True or False beside the following statements. Give answers for the false statements. (Aby‡”Q`wU cybivq co Ges wb‡Pi wee„wZ¸‡jvi cv‡k mZ¨ A_ev wg_¨v †jL| wg_¨v wee„wZ¸‡jvi mwVK DËi `vI|) 1 × 5 = 5

(a) Einstein was born in 1989.

(b) He was very lonely and shy.

(c) His father introduced him with the iron and their qualities.

(d) In 1895, Einstein went to Milan, Italy.

(e) Einstein was not interested to go to school.

Ans.

  1. (i) in the parks and woods; (ii) in 1883; (iii) in 1894; (iv) He; (v) travelled.
  2. (a) False. Einstein was born in 1879.

(b) True.

(c) False. His father introduced him with the magnets and their properties.

(d) False. In 1894, Einstein went to Milan, Italy.

(e) True.

 

Unseen Passage – 2 

Read the following text carefully and answer the questions. (wb‡Pi cvV¨vskwU g‡bv‡hvM mnKv‡i co Ges  cªkœ¸‡jvi DËi `vI|

The planet Mercury, the Venus, the Earth and the Mars differ from one another in terms of the sizes and distances from the star, Sun. While Mercury is 58 million kilometres away from the sun, Venus is 100 million kilometres away from it. However the planet Venus is larger in size. Its diameter is 12228 kilometres while that of Mercury is 4840 kms. The earth is almost the same size as Venus, having a diameter of 12756 kms. But it is farther from the sun. It is 50 million kms. Mars is much smaller in size than either the Venus or the Earth, having a diameter of 6742 kms. It is also much farther from the sun than the three other planets. The distance between the Sun and the Mars is 226 million kilometres.

Word Meanings with Synonyms :    planet (cø¨v‡bU)n. – MÖn; a large round object in the solar system. differ (wWdvi)v. – Avjv`v cÖK…wZi nIqv, wfbœZi nIqv; to be different from something; diameter (WvqvwgUvi)n. – e¨vm; a straight line going from one side of a circle or any other round object to the other side passing through the centre. almost (Aj‡gv÷)adv.– cÖvq; nearly. away (A¨vI‡q)adv.—`~‡i; far from somebody or something.

 e½vbyev` :  bÿÎ m~h© †_‡K eya, ïµ, c„w_ex Ges g½j MÖn¸‡jv GKwU AciwU †_‡K AvK…wZ Ges `~i‡Z¡i w`K w`‡q Avjv`v| †hLv‡b eya m~h© †_‡K 58 wgwjqb wK‡jvwgUvi `~‡i, ïµ GUv †_‡K 100 wgwjqb wK.wg. `~‡i| hv‡nvK, ïµ MÖn AvKv‡i AwaKZi eo| GUvi e¨vm 12228 wK‡jvwgUvi Avi eya MÖ‡ni e¨vm n‡”Q 4840 wK‡jvwgUvi| c„w_exi AvK…wZI cÖvq ïµ MÖ‡ni g‡Zv, Gi e¨vm 12756 wK‡jvwgUvi| wKš‘ GUv m~h© †_‡K Av‡iv `~‡i| GUv 50 wgwjqb wK‡jvwgUvi `~‡i| g½j ïµ A_ev c„w_ex †_‡K AvKv‡i AwaKZi †QvU, Gi e¨vm 6742 wK‡jvwgUvi| GUv m~h© †_‡K Ab¨ wZbwU MÖ‡ni †P‡qI A‡bK `~‡i Aew¯’Z| m~h© Ges g½‡ji gv‡S `~iZ¡ 226 wgwjqb wK‡jvwgUvi|

  1. Complete the following table with the information given in the passage. 1 × 5 = 5
Name of the Planet Distance from the Sun (kms) Length of diameter (kms)
Mars 22 million (i) ……………..
Venus (ii) …………… (iii) ………………
(iv) ……………… 50 million 12756
Mercury 58 million (v) ………………
  1. Read the passage again and write True or False beside the following statements. Give correct answer for the false statements. 1 × 5 = 5

(a)                          In the passage totally five heavenly bodies are mentioned.

(b) Of the four planets mentioned in the text, the volume of the Venus is the largest.

(c) We are long away from the sun than the Mars is.

(d)          In order of distance from the Sun, our planet is in the first position.

(e) The sun is in the central position of our solar system.

Ans.

  1. (i) 6742; (ii) 100 million; (iii) 12228; (iv) Earth; (v) 4840.
  2. (a) True.

     (b) False. Of the four planets mentioned in the text, the volume of the Earth is the largest.

(c)  False. Mars is further from the sun than us.

(d) True.

(e)  True.

Unseen Passage – 3 

Read the following text carefully and answer the questions. (wb‡Pi cvV¨vskwU g‡bv‡hvM mnKv‡i co Ges  cªkœ¸‡jvi DËi `vI|

Sincerity is the root of all success. One can go a long way in life if one does things with sincerity. The rich people are sincere to their work and they are capable of making anything a success. The great men are also sincere because they know that sincerity is the key-stone to success. Those who do not follow the rules of sincerity can never go a long way in the world. The poor people are not often sincere and they lag behind. If they do not know the benefit of sincerity, they cannot make a good use of it.

Sincerity is the tonic to any work because it helps the work to be done properly. If any work is not done properly, one will never get good output from it. So we should be sincere in every walk of life. Sincerity does not mean only to do any work properly, it also means dutifulness, honesty and modesty. The people of our country are not still aware of the importance of sincerity. As a result, they hardly get good output from their work, and they blame their lot.

Word Meanings with Synonyms :    sincerity (wmbwmqvwiwU)n.— AvšÍwiKZv; honesty.

capable(K¨vcvej)adj. – mÿg; able. success(mvK‡mm)n. – mdjZv; favourable outcome. benefit (†ewbwdU)n.– mydj; advantage. properly (†cÖvcviwj)adv.– h_vh_fv‡e; appropriately. output (AvDUcyU)n. – dj; result. modesty (g‡Ww÷)n.— f`ªZv; nobility. mean (gxb)v. – †evSv‡bv; indicate.

 e½vbyev` :  wbôvB mKj mdjZvi g~j| †KD hw` wbôvi mv‡_ KvR K‡i Zvn‡j †m Rxe‡b A‡bK `~i †h‡Z cv‡i| abx †jv‡Kiv Zv‡`i Kv‡R wbôvevb Ges Zviv †h †Kv‡bv wKQz‡K mdj Ki‡Z mÿg| gnr e¨w³ivI wbôvevb KviY Zviv Rv‡bb †h, wbôvB mdjZvi PvweKvwV| hviv wbôvevb nIqvi wbqgKvbyb¸‡jv †g‡b P‡j bv Zviv KL‡bv cvw_©e Rxe‡b †ewk `~i †h‡Z cv‡i bv| `wi`ª †jv‡Kiv cÖvqB wbôvevb _v‡K bv Ges Zviv wcwQ‡q c‡o| Zviv hw` wbôvevb nIqvi mydj bv Rv‡b Zvn‡j Zviv GwUi mwVK e¨envi Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv|

wbôv †h †Kv‡bv Kv‡Ri UwbK KviY GwU KvRwU‡K mwVKfv‡e m¤úvw`Z n‡Z mvnvh¨ K‡i| hw` †Kv‡bv KvR mwVKfv‡e m¤úvw`Z bv nq, †KD G †_‡K fv‡jv dj cv‡e bv| ZvB Avgv‡`i Rxe‡bi cÖwZwU †ÿ‡Î wbôvevb nIqv DwPZ| wbôv ej‡Z ïay †Kv‡bv KvR mwVKfv‡e m¤úv`b Kiv‡K †evSvq bv, GwU KZ©e¨civqYZv, mZZv Ges f`ªZv‡KI †evSvq| Avgv‡`i †`‡ki †jvKRb GLbI wbôvevb nIqvi ¸iæZ¡ m¤ú‡K© m‡PZb bq| d‡j Zviv K`vwPr Zv‡`i Kv‡Ri mydj cvq Ges Zviv Zv‡`i fvM¨‡K †`vlv‡ivc K‡i|

  1. Complete the following table with the information given in the text. 1 × 5 = 5
Who/What Event/Activity What/ When Result/What/ Whom
Sincerity brings success (i) ……………….
The rich people (ii) ………………. their work with sincerity.
(iii) ………………. cannot succeed in life for their insincerity.
Sincerity is considered as (iv) ………………. to success.
(v) ………………. should be given to sincerity to be successful.
  1. Read the passage again and write True or False beside the following statements. Give answers for the false statements. 1 × 5 = 5

(a) People cannot go a long way by being sincere.

(b) The great men always put emphasis on sincerity.

(c) The benefit of sincerity is known to all.

(d) Sincerity includes dutifulness, honesty, and modesty.

(e) The sincere people cannot become successful in life.

Ans.

  1. (i) to all; (ii) do; (iii) Insincere people; (iv) the key-stone; (v) Importance.
  2. (a) False. People cannot go a long way without being sincere.

(b) True.

(c) True.

(d) True.

(e) False. The insincere people cannot become successful in life.

 

Unseen Passage – 4

Read the following text carefully and answer the questions. (wb‡Pi cvV¨vskwU g‡bv‡hvM mnKv‡i co Ges  cªkœ¸‡jvi DËi `vI|

Florence Nightingale was born in 1820 in Italy. She was the founder of nursing. Her father was a rich man but she rejected luxurious life. She served the British Army during the Crimean war (1853-56). She is called “The Lady with the lamp”. She loved the people. She took them as children. She went to Turkey to serve the sick. She died in 1910.

Word Meanings with Synonyms :    founder (dvDÛvi)n. – cÖwZôvZv; establisher. reject (wi‡R±)v. – Z¨vM Kiv, ev` †`qv; give up. serve (mvf©)v. – †mev Kiv, mvnvh¨ Kiv; help. during (wWDwis)prep. – †Kv‡bv mg‡qi g‡a¨, †Kv‡bv mgq a‡i; in/through a period of time. sick (wmK)adj.—Amy¯’; ill.

 e½vbyev` :  †d¬v‡iÝ bvBwU‡½j 1820 mv‡j BZvwj‡Z Rš§MÖnY K‡ib| wZwb bvwm©s †ckvi D™¢veK| Zvi wcZv wQ‡jb GKRb abx †jvK wKš‘ wZwb wejvmeûj Rxeb Z¨vM K‡iwQ‡jb| wZwb (1853-56) mvj ch©šÍ wµwgqvi hy‡×i mgq weªwUk †mbvevwnbx‡K mvnvh¨ K‡iwQ‡jb| Zv‡K Ò†jwW DB_ `¨v j¨v¤úÓ (Av‡jvwKZ bvix) ejv nq| wZwb gvbyl‡K fv‡jv‡e‡m‡Qb|  wZwb Zv‡`i‡K mšÍv‡bi g‡Zv †`L‡Zb| Amy¯’‡`i †mev w`‡Z wZwb Zzi‡¯‹ wM‡qwQ‡jb| wZwb 1910 mv‡j g„Zz¨eiY K‡ib|

  1. Complete the following table with the information given in the passage. 1×5 = 5
Birth date (year) (i) ……………….
(ii) ………………. war
Designation (iii) ……………
Rich man (iv) …………….
(v) …………………… Italy
  1. Read the passage again and write True or False beside the following statements. Give answer for the false statements. 1 × 5 = 5

(a) Florence was born in Paris.

(b) Her father was a wealthy man.

(c) She studied Medicine.

(d) She was a Turkish.

(e) She was misanthropist.

Ans.

  1. (i) 1820; (ii) 1853-56; (iii) The Lady with the lamp; (iv) Her father; (v) Was born in.
  2. (a) False. Florence was born in Italy.

(b)  True.

(c)   False. She studied nursing.

(d)  False. She was an Italian.

(e)   False. She was a philanthropist.

Unseen Passage – 5

Read the following text carefully and answer the questions. (wb‡Pi cvV¨vskwU g‡bv‡hvM mnKv‡i co Ges  cªkœ¸‡jvi DËi `vI|

Shaheed Minar is the symbol of our love, sincere interest and supreme sacrifice for our language. It is located in front of Dhaka Medical College. Hamidur Rahman, a famous architect designed this significant monument. The vertical lines and columns suggest the loftiness and grandeur of the people martyred for the cause of language. It stands for the supremacy and sacrifice of life, love of people for their mother tongue. It also conveys the meaning to the people that mother and mother tongue along with the motherland is most important. It contains all the aspirations of Bengali identity and nationalism. It is a symbol of freedom, strength and unity. We should preserve the highness, supremacy of this mother language at any cost. The Shaheed Minar is the most significant emblem of our national life. It represents our victorious history of fight, sacrifice and gains. It has become a part of our political as well as cultural achievement and source of national inspiration. It also re-inspires us to maintain our national brotherhood and culture.

Word Meanings with Synonyms :    symbol (wm¤^j)n. – cÖZxK; sign. sincere (wmbwmqvi)adj. – AvšÍwiK; cordial. supreme (mywcÖg)adj. – m‡e©v”P; highest. sacrifice (m¨vwµdvBm)n. – Z¨vM; dedication; design (wWRvBb)v.— bKkv AuvKv, cwiKíbv Kiv; draw, plan. suggest (mv‡R÷)v.— civgk©; advise. stand for (÷¨vÛ di)v.— †evSv‡bv; mean. contain (Kb‡UBb)v.— aviY Kiv; include. aspiration (A¨vmwc‡ikvb)n.— Avkv-AvKv•ÿv; wish, desire. emblem (Gg‡eøg)n.— cÖZxK, wPý; sign, symbol. inspire (Bbm&cvqvi)v.— Aby‡cÖiYv †`qv, Drmvn †`qv; encourage.

e½vbyev` :  kwn` wgbvi n‡jv Avgv‡`i fvlvi Rb¨ Avgv‡`i fv‡jvevmv, AvšÍwiK AvMÖn Ges m‡e©v”P Z¨v‡Mi cÖZxK| GwU XvKv †gwW‡Kj K‡j‡Ri mvg‡b Aew¯’Z| weL¨vZ ¯’cwZ nvwg`yi ingvb GB Zvrch©gwÊZ ¯Í¤¢wUi bKkv Gu‡K‡Qb| Djø¤^ mvwi I ¯Í¤¢¸‡jv fvlvi Rb¨ cÖvY †`qv kwn`‡`i †kªôZ¡ I gwngv wb‡`©k K‡i| GUv gvZ…fvlvi Rb¨ gvby‡li m‡e©v”P Z¨vM I fv‡jvevmv †evSvq| GUv gvbyl‡K AviI evZ©v †`q †h, gvZ…f‚wgi cvkvcvwk gv, gv‡qi fvlv n‡jv me‡P‡q ¸iæZ¡c~Y©| GwU evOvwj RvwZ I RvZxqZvev‡`i hveZxq Avkv-AvKv•ÿvi mËv aviY K‡i| GwU ¯^vaxbZv, kw³ Ges GKZvi cÖZxK| †h‡Kv‡bv g~‡j¨ Avgv‡`i gvZ…fvlvi †kªôZ¡ I gnË¡ Avgv‡`i iÿv Ki‡Z n‡e| kwn` wgbvi Avgv‡`i RvZxq Rxe‡bi me‡P‡q Zvrch©c~Y© cÖZxK| GwU Avgv‡`i hy×, Z¨vM I cÖvwßi weRqc~Y© BwZnv‡mi K_v Dc¯’vcb K‡i| GwU Avgv‡`i ivR‰bwZK I mvs¯‹…wZK AR©‡bi Ask Ges RvZxq Avkv AvKv•ÿvi Drm n‡q c‡o‡Q| GUv Avgv‡`i RvZxq åvZ…Z¡ I ms¯‹…wZ‡K jvjb Ki‡ZI cybtcyb Aby‡cÖiYv †`q|

  1. Complete the following table with the information given in the passage: 1 × 5 = 5
Who/what Event/Activity Where/How/What How/Why
(i) —— is the national monument of nation’s respect.
Hamidur Rahman designed it (ii) ——
Shaheed Minar is located (iii) —— to remember the place of occurrence.
Shaheed Minar (iv).. —— the loftiness of the martyred standing day and night.
Shaheed Minar contains (v) —— of us.
  1. Read the passage again and write True or False beside the following statements. Give answers for the false statements. 1 × 5 = 5

(a) Hamidur Rahman planned the monument.

(b) Motherland is less important than mother.

(c) We should uphold its highness.

(d) Shaheed Minar has become a part of our religious achievement.

(e) Shaheed Minar inspires us to maintain our national fraternity.

Ans.

  1. (i) Shaheed Minar; (ii) wonderfully; (iii) Dhaka Medical College; (iv) symbolises; (v) all the national aspirations.
  2. (a) True.

     (b) False. Motherland is not less important than mother.

(c) True.

(d) False. Shaheed Minar has become a part of our political as well as cultural achievement.

(e) True.

Unseen Passage – 6

Read the following text carefully and answer the questions. (wb‡Pi cvV¨vskwU g‡bv‡hvM mnKv‡i co Ges  cªkœ¸‡jvi DËi `vI|

Our National Memorial is situated at Savar. It is a symbol of the nation’s respect for the martyrs of the War of Liberation. It stands 150 feet tall. It stands on a base measuring 130 feet wide. There is actually a series of 7 towers that rise by stages to a height of 150 feet. The foundation was laid on the first anniversary of the Victory Day. There is actually a plan to build a huge complex in several phases. The entire complex will cover an area of 126 acres. The plan of this complex includes a mosque, a library and a museum. The relics of the liberation war will be kept in the museum. They will ever remind our countrymen and all who would come to visit the museum of the valiant struggle and supreme sacrifices of a freedom loving people.

Word Meanings with Synonyms :    symbol (wmg&ej)n. – cÖZxK, sign, token. respect (†im&‡c±)n. – m¤§vb, honour; war (Iqvi)n. – hy×, battle. liberation (wjev‡iBkb)n. – gyw³, ¯^vaxbZv, independence. situate (wmPz‡qBU)v. – Aew¯’Z nIqv, lie. tall (Uj&)adj. – DuPz, high. measure (†gRvi)v. – gvcv, count. actually (A¨vKPzq¨vwj)adv. – cÖK…Zc‡ÿ, in fact. stage (†÷BR&)n. – ¯Íi, step. tower (UvIqvi)n. – ¯Í¤¢, pillar. foundation (dvD‡ÛBkb)n. – wfwË, base. plan (cø¨vb)n. – cwiKíbv, idea. build (weì)v. – wbg©vY Kiv, construct. huge (wnDR) adv. – wekvj, large, big.

 e½vbyev` :  Avgv‡`i RvZxq ¯§„wZ‡mŠa mvfv‡i Aew¯’Z| GUv ¯^vaxbZv hy‡× kwn`‡`i cÖwZ RvwZi kª×vi cÖZxK| GUv 150 dzU DuPz| GUv 130 dzU PIov wfwËi Dci cÖwZwôZ| cÖK…Zc‡ÿ 7wU ¯Í¤¢ ch©vqµ‡g 150 dzU D”PZvq mvwie×fv‡e `uvov‡bv i‡q‡Q| weRq w`e‡mi cÖ_g evwl©Kx‡Z Gi wfwËcÖ¯Íi ¯’vwcZ n‡qwQj| Avm‡j GLv‡b K‡qK av‡c GK wekvj Kg‡cø· wbg©v‡Yi cwiKíbv i‡q‡Q| cy‡iv GjvKvwU 126 GKi RvqMv wb‡q we¯Í„Z n‡e| GB Kg‡cø‡·i cwiKíbvwU‡Z i‡q‡Q GKwU gmwR`, GKwU jvB‡eªwi Ges GKwU Rv`yNi| ¯^vaxbZv hy‡×i cyivKxwZ© Rv`yN‡i msiwÿZ _vK‡e| G¸‡jv Avgv‡`i †`kevmx‡K Ges hviv Rv`yNi †`L‡Z Avm‡e Zv‡`i‡K wPiw`b ¯^vaxbZvKvgx gvby‡li mvnmx msMÖvg Ges Zv‡`i gnr AvZ¥Z¨v‡Mi K_v ¯§iY Kwi‡q †`‡e|

  1. Complete the following table with the information given in the passage. 1 × 5 = 5
Who/What Event/Information When/What Where/What
The foundation of the National Memorial was laid on (i) ——– at Savar.
It symbolizes nation’s (ii) ——–
7 towers (iii) ——– by stages here.
(iv) ——– were kept for reminder in the museum.
The memorial encompasses (v) ——– acres of land at Savar.
  1. Read the passage again and write True or False beside the following statements. Give answers for the false statements. 1 × 5 = 5
  2. The National Memorial is a monument of 150 feet tall.
  3. Its length is 150 feet.

iii. The foundation was laid on 16 December, 1971.

  1. The Memorial has a symbolical meaning.
  2. It does not remind us of the liberation war.

Ans.

  1. (i) 16 December; (ii) respect; (iii) rise; (iv) The relics; v. 126.
  2. (i) True.

(ii) False. Its length is 130 feet.

(iii) False. The foundation was laid on 16 December, 1972.

(iv) True.

(v) False. It reminds us of the valiant struggle of the freedom loving people.

Unseen Passage – 7

Read the following text carefully and answer the questions. (wb‡Pi cvV¨vskwU g‡bv‡hvM mnKv‡i co Ges  cªkœ¸‡jvi DËi `vI|

There was an old farmer. He had three sons. They were very quarrelsome. They used to quarrel with one another. One day the farmer called his sons. He ordered them to bring some sticks. They brought some sticks. He ordered them to tie these in a bundle. He told them to break the bundle. They tried but could not break the bundle. All of his sons tried one after another but in vain. Then the old farmer told them to untie the bundle and separate the sticks. He told them to try again to break the sticks separately. This time the sons were able to break the sticks easily. Then the old man told his sons that they were like the sticks. If they remained separate and quarrelled with one another, the enemy would easily defeat them. But if they were united, they would be much stronger and no enemy could do any harm to them.

Word Meanings with Synonyms :    farmer (dvigvi)n.– K…lK, peasant. quarrel (†Kvqv‡ij)v.– SMov Kiv, wrangle. bring (weªs)v.– Avbv, fetch. try (UªvB)v.– †Póv Kiv, assay. remain (wi‡gBb)v.– _vKv, stay. separate (†mcv‡iBU)adj. – Avjv`v, apart. enemy (Gwbwg)n. – kÎæ, foe.

 e½vbyev` :  GK e„× K…lK wQ‡jb| Zvi wZb †Q‡j wQj| Zviv Lye SMov‡U wQj| Zviv G‡K A‡b¨i mv‡_ SMov KiZ| GKw`b K…lK Zvi †Q‡j‡`i WvK‡jb| wZwb Zv‡`i‡K wKQz KvwV Avb‡Z Av‡`k Ki‡jb| Zviv wKQz KvwV Avbj| wZwb G¸‡jv‡K k³ K‡i GKwU AuvwU euva‡Z Av‡`k w`‡jb| wZwb Zv‡`i‡K AuvwUwU fvO‡Z ej‡jb| Zviv †Póv Ki‡jv wKš‘ AuvwUwU fvO‡Z cvij bv| G‡K G‡K Zvi †Q‡jiv fvO‡Z †Póv Kij wKš‘ e¨_© †Mj| Zvici e„× K…lK AuvwUi euvab Lyj‡Z ejj Ges KvwV¸‡jv Avjv`v Ki‡Z ejj| KvwV¸‡jv Avjv`vfv‡e fvOvi Rb¨ wZwb Avevi Zv‡`i‡K †Póv Ki‡Z ej‡jb| GB evi †Q‡jiv mn‡RB KvwV¸‡jv fvO‡Z mÿg n‡jv| Zvici e„× †jvK Zvi †Q‡j‡`i ej‡jb †h Zviv KvwV¸‡jvi g‡Zv| Zviv hw` Avjv`v _vKZ Ges G‡K Ac‡ii mv‡_ SMov KiZ, kÎæiv mn‡RB Zv‡`i civwRZ Ki‡Z cviZ| Z‡e Zviv hw` HK¨e× n‡Zv, Zviv AwaKZi kw³kvjx n‡Zv Ges kÎæiv Zv‡`i †Kv‡bv ÿwZ Ki‡Z cviZ bv|

  1. Complete the following table with the information given in the passage. 1 × 5 = 5
Who/What Event/Information When/What Where/What
The farmer ordered to bring (i) ——– to him.
(ii) ——– was made with the sticks by them.
The sons (iii) ——– the bundle separately.
The sons got a lesson to be (iv) ——–
They would be (v) ——– when united.
  1. Read the passage again and write True or False beside the following statements. Give answers for the false statements. 1 × 5 = 5
  2. The sons were habituated in quarrelling.
  3. The sons did not bring the sticks.

iii. A bundle was made with the sticks.

  1. The sons were capable of breaking the bundle.
  2. They learnt a lesson to be united.

Ans.

  1. (i) some sticks; (ii) A bundle; (iii) could not break; (iv) united; (v) stronger.
  2. (i) True.

(ii) False. The sons brought the sticks.

(iii) True.

(iv) False. The sons were not capable of breaking the bundle.

(v) True.

Unseen Passage – 8 

Read the following text carefully and answer the questions. (wb‡Pi cvV¨vskwU g‡bv‡hvM mnKv‡i co Ges  cªkœ¸‡jvi DËi `vI|

The National Memorial at Savar is a symbol of the nation’s respect for the martyrs of the War of Liberation. It is built of concrete but made up of blood. It stands 150 feet tall. It is an achievement the dimensions of which can be measured, but it stands for an achievement which is immeasurable. It stands upright for the millions of martyrs who laid down their lives so that we may stand upright.

Most prominently visible is the 150 feet tower. There is actually a series of 7 towers that rise by stages to a height of 150 feet. The foundation was laid on the first anniversary of the Victory Day. There is actually a plan to build a huge complex. The entire complex will cover an area of 126 acres. The plan of this complex includes a mosque, a library and a museum. The relics of the Liberation War will be kept in the museum. They will ever remind the visitor who would come to visit the museum of the great sacrifice of the martyrs. Here also will be a warning to all oppressors that oppression will always be defeated. The will of people prevails, for man is born to be free.

Word Meanings with Synonyms :    respect (†im‡c±)n.– m¤§vb; honour. achievement (A¨vwPf‡g›U)n.– AR©b; attainment. measure (†gRvi)v.– cwigvc Kiv, g~j¨vqb Kiv; assess. actually (A¨vKPzqvwj)adv. – cªK…Zc‡ÿ; really. stage (†÷BR)n.— ¯Íi; layer. complex (Kg‡cø·)n.— ¯’vcbv, feb; structure, building. entire (GbUvqvi)adj.— m¤ú~Y©; whole. relic (†iwjK)n.— aŸsmve‡kl, wb`k©b; remains. remind (wigvBÛ)v.— ¯§iY Kwi‡q †`qv; recollect.

 e½vbyev` :  mvfv‡i Aew¯’Z RvZxq ¯§„wZ‡mŠa ¯^vaxbZv hy‡×i kwn`‡`i cÖwZ RvwZi kª×vi wb`k©b¯^iƒc| GUv KbwµU w`‡q ˆZwi wKš‘ i³ w`‡q Mov| GwU 150 dyU DuPz| GwU Ggb GK AR©b hv cwigvc Kiv hvq, wKš‘ GwU Ggb GK AR©‡bi cÖZxK hv cwigvc Kiv hvq bv| GwU jv‡Lv knx‡`i cÖwZf‚ wn‡m‡e `uvwo‡q Av‡Q hviv Zuv‡`i Rxeb DrmM© K‡iwQ‡jb hv‡Z Avgiv gvZv DuPz K‡i `uvov‡Z cvwi|

Gi me‡P‡q D‡jøL‡hvM¨fv‡e `„k¨gvb n‡jv 150 dzU UvIqviwU| cÖK…Zc‡ÿ GLv‡b 7wU ¯Í‡¤¢i mvwi i‡q‡Q hv avivevwnKfv‡e evo‡Z evo‡Z 150 dzU D”PZvq D‡V †M‡Q| weRq w`e‡mi cÖ_g evwl©Kx‡Z Gi wfwË cÖ¯Íi ¯’vwcZ nq| g~jZ GLv‡b GKwU wekvj Kg‡cø· wbg©v‡Yi cwiKíbv i‡q‡Q| cy‡iv Kg‡cø·wUi GjvKv n‡e 126 GKi| Kg‡cø·wUi cwiKíbvi g‡a¨ i‡q‡Q GKwU gmwR`, GKwU cvVvMvi Ges GKwU Rv`yNi| ¯^vaxbZv hy‡×i aŸsmve‡kl GB Rv`yN‡i ivLv n‡e| G¸‡jv `k©bv_x©‡`i hviv H Rv`yNi cwi`k©b Ki‡Z Avm‡e Zv‡`i‡K memgq kwn`‡`i gnr Z¨v‡Mi K_v ¯§iY Kwi‡q †`‡e| GLv‡b mKj wbh©vZbKvixi cÖwZ GKUv mZK©evZ©v _vK‡e †h wbh©vZb memgq civwRZ n‡e| gvby‡li B”Qv Rqjvf Ki‡e, KviY gvbyl Rš§MZfv‡e ¯^vaxb|

  1. Complete the following table with the information given in the passage. 1 × 5 = 5
Who/What Event/Activity Where/What How/ Why
The National Memorial (i) —— at Savar as a symbol of nation’s respect.
The foundation of the memorial was laid (ii). —— to show nation’s respect.
There is actually a plan to build (iii) ———
The relics of the liberation war (iv).. —— in the museum as a reminder of the liberation war.
v)  (v)  —— is rised to a height of 150 feet by stages.
  1. Read the passage again and write True or False beside the following statements. Give answers for the false statements: 1 × 5 = 5

(a)  It stands upright for thousands of martyrs.

(b)  The foundation was laid on the first anniversary of the Victory Day.

(c)  Their achievement is measurable.

(d)  To keep us standing upright, they laid down their life.

(e)  Entire complex includes a mosque, a temple and a museum.

Ans.

  1. (i) is situated; (ii) in 1972; (iii) a huge complex; (iv) will be kept; (v) A series of 7 towers.
  2. (a) False. It stands upright for the millions of martyrs.

(b)  True.

(c)  False. Their achievement is immeasurable.

(d)  True.

(e)  False. Entire complex includes a mosque, a library and a museum.

Unseen Passage – 9 

Read the following text carefully and answer the questions. (wb‡Pi cvV¨vskwU g‡bv‡hvM mnKv‡i co Ges  cªkœ¸‡jvi DËi `vI|

Born on December 9, 1608 in London, Milton spent most of his boyhood in this city. At the age of seventeen he went to Cambridge for study and spent there seven years. He took M.A. from that university. Leaving Cambridge, when he was twenty three, Milton entered no profession and spent six years at Horton in unprofessional study. In 1636 he started his foreign tour which helped in moulding his cultured and poetic mind. In the year 1640, Milton married Mary Powell, a young girl of seventeen. His wife died in 1652 leaving him with three daughters. He married a second wife in 1656 but two years later she also died.

Of all his poems “Paradise Lost” is the greatest poems. He finished the composition in 1664 which was published three years later. His old age was, nevertheless, healthful and he had an easy death on November 8, 1674.

Word Meanings with Synonyms :    boyhood (eqûW)n. – ˆkkeKvj; childhood. spent (†¯ú›U)v.p.p.– AwZevwnZ K‡iwQj, KvwU‡qwQj; passed. entered (G›Uvi&W&)v.p.p. – cÖ‡ek K‡iwQj, †hvM w`‡qwQj; joined. mould (†gvì)v.– MVb Kiv; form. finish (wdwbk)v.— †kl Kiv, m¤ú~Y© Kiv; complete. nevertheless (†bfvi`v‡jm)adv.— Z`m‡Ë¡I; notwithstanding. healthful (†nj_dzj)adj.— ¯^v¯’¨evb; healthy.

 e½vbyev` :  1608 mv‡ji wW‡m¤^i gv‡mi 9 Zvwi‡L jÛ‡b Rš§MÖnY K‡i wgëb Zvi evj¨Kv‡ji AwaKvsk mgq GB kn‡i KvwU‡q‡Qb| m‡Zi eQi eq‡m wZwb cov‡kvbv Kivi Rb¨ K¨vgweª‡R wM‡qwQ‡jb Ges †mLv‡b mvZ eQi AwZevwnZ K‡iwQ‡jb| wZwb H wek¦we`¨vjq †_‡K GgG cvm K‡ib| hLb Zvi eqm 23 eQi ZLb wgëb K¨vgweªR †Q‡o †`b, wZwb †Kv‡bv †ckvq †hvM †`bwb Ges niU‡b 6 eQi A‡ckv`vwi wkÿv †bb| 1636 mv‡j wZwb Zvi we‡`k ågY ïiæ K‡ib †hwU Zv‡K Zvi mvs¯‹…wZK Ges Kvwe¨K gb M‡o Zzj‡Z mvnvh¨ K‡iwQj| 1640 mv‡j wgëb 17 eQ‡ii GK hyewZ evwjKv †gwi cvI‡qj‡K weevn K‡ib| Zvi ¯¿x 1652 mv‡j Zv‡K Ges Zvi wZb Kb¨v †i‡L gviv hvb| wZwb 1656 mv‡j wØZxq ¯¿x‡K weevn K‡ib wKš‘ `yB eQi c‡i wZwbI gviv hvb|

Zvi me KweZvi g‡a¨ Òc¨vivWvBm j÷Ó n‡”Q gnËg Kve¨MÖš’| wZwb 1664 mv‡j GwU iPbv †kl K‡ib †hwU wZb eQi c‡i cÖKvwkZ nq| Zvi eqm †ewk nIqv m‡Ë¡I wZwb ¯^v¯’¨evb wQ‡jb Ges wZwb 1674 mv‡ji 8 b‡f¤^i GK ¯^vfvweK g„Zz¨eiY K‡ib|

  1. Complete the following table with the information given in the passage. 1 × 5 = 5
Who/What Events Place Time
Milton born (i) ……. 1608
Milton (ii) ……. Cambridge 1625
(iii) ……… died 1652
Milton’s second wife died (iv) …….
Paradise Lost finished (v) ……..
  1. Read the passage again and write True of False beside the following statements. Give answers for the false statements. 1 × 5 = 5

(a) Milton was a poet of the sixteenth century.

(b) He was an American poet.

(c) He left Cambridge at 23.

(d) He married Mary Powell when he was 30 years old.

(e) “Paradise Lost” is one of the greatest literary works of Milton.

Ans.

  1. (i) London; (ii) went to; (iii) Milton’s first wife; (iv) 1658; (v) 1664.
  2. (a) False. Milton was a poet of the seventeenth century.

(b)  False. He was an English poet.

(c)  True.

(d)  False. He married Mary Powell when he was 32 years old.

(e)  True.

Unseen Passage – 10 

Read the following text carefully and answer the questions. (wb‡Pi cvV¨vskwU g‡bv‡hvM mnKv‡i co Ges  cªkœ¸‡jvi DËi `vI|

Folk songs are the part of Bangladeshi culture. They express rural people’s hopes, aspirations, sorrows, dreams, and happiness. Some of the important folk songs are Jari gaan, Sari gaan, Hason Rajar gaan, Vatiali, Gamvira, Nailar gaan. Jari gaan is a mourning song that is sung during a tragic event in chorus. Sari gaan is related to the life of boatmen. They sing sari gaan while they sail the boats. These songs also tell their sorrows, happiness, dreams and hopes.

Gamvira is a song of Rajshahi region which is actually sung in chorus. This type of song normally satirizes the negative aspects of society. Nailar song is a kind of prayer song sung for the blessing of God. These folk songs add diversity to our culture.

Word Meanings with Synonyms :    express (G·‡cÖm)v.– cÖKvk Kiv; reveal. rural (iæivj)adj.– MÖvgxY; pastoral. hope (†nvc)n.– Avkv, AvKv•ÿv; desire. mourning song (gwb©s ms)n.–  †kvK cÖKv‡ki Mvb; a song for expressing sorrow. region (wiwRqb)n.— AÂj; territory. aspect (A¨vm‡c±)n.— welq, w`K; matter, side. blessing (†eøwms)n.— Avkxe©v`; grace.

 e½vbyev` :  †jvKm½xZ evsjv‡`wk ms¯‹…wZi GKwU Ask| G¸‡jv MÖvgxY RbM‡Yi Avkv, AvKv•ÿv, `ytL, ¯^cœ, my‡Li cÖwZdjb NUvq| wKQz ¸iæZ¡c~Y© †jvKm½xZ n‡”Q- Rvwi Mvb, mvwi Mvb, nvmb ivRvi Mvb, fvwUqvwj, Mvgwfiv, bBjvi Mvb| Rvwi Mvb n‡”Q †kvK cÖKv‡ki Mvb, hv we‡qvMvšÍK NUbvi mgq `jMZfv‡e MvIqv nq| mvwi Mvb gvwS-gjøv‡`i Rxe‡bi mv‡_ m¤úwK©Z| Zviv hLb †bŠKv Pvjvq ZLb mvwi Mvb Mvq| GB Mvb¸‡jv Zv‡`i `ytL, myL, ¯^cœ Ges Avkvi K_v e‡j|

Mvw¤¢iv n‡”Q ivRkvnx A‡ji Mvb hv cÖK…Zc‡ÿ `jMZfv‡e MvIqv nq| GB ai‡bi Mv‡bi gva¨‡g mvaviYZ mgv‡Ri †bwZevPK w`K¸‡jvi mgv‡jvPbv Kiv nq| bvBjvi Mvb n‡”Q Ggb GK cÖKvi cÖv_©bvg~jK Mvb hv mªóvi Avkxe©v‡`i Rb¨ MvIqv nq| GB †jvKm½xZ¸‡jv Avgv‡`i ms¯‹…wZ‡Z ˆewPΨ Avbqb K‡i|

  1. Complete the following table with the information given in the passage. 1 × 5 = 5
Name of the Song Place Type of song
Jari gaan (i) …….
(ii) ……………….. Song of Rajshahi
Nailar gaan (iii) …………..
(iv) …………………. Sung on boats
Gamvira (v) ……………
  1. Read the passage again and write True or False beside the following statements. Give answers for the false statements. 1 × 5 = 5

(a) Folk songs are related to the urban people.

(b) Sari gaan is sung in group.

(c) Jari gaan expresses sorrows.

(d) Gamvira is sung by a single singer.

(e) Nailar song seeks help from God.

Ans.

  1. (i) mourning song; (ii) Gamvira; (iii) prayer song; (iv) Sari gaan; (v) satirical song.
  2. (a) False. Folk songs are related to rural people.

     (b) False. Sari gaan is sung by the boatmen while sailing.

(c) True.

(d) False. Gamvira is actually sung in chorus.

(e) True.

Unseen Passage – 11 

Read the following text carefully and answer the questions. (wb‡Pi cvV¨vskwU g‡bv‡hvM mnKv‡i co Ges  cªkœ¸‡jvi DËi `vI|

Kazi Nazrul Islam is the national poet of Bangladesh. He is well known as the Rebel poet in Bengali literature. He was born at Churulia in Asansol in 25 May in 1899. His father’s name was Kazi Fakir Ahmed and his mother’s name was Zaheda Khatun. He had struggled hard against poverty. He was admitted to a local primary school. But he did not obey the hard and fast rule of the school. At twelve he fled away from home and took a job of a baker boy and for that he got taka 5 per month. He learned of poetry, drama and literature while working with theatrical groups. He assailed the British Raj in India and preached revolution through his poetic works, such as “Bidrohi” and “Bhanger Gaan” as well as his publication “Dhumketu”. Throughout his career, Nazrul wrote a number of short stories, novels, and essays. His songs are collectively known as Nazrul Sangeet. At the age of 43, he began suffering from an unknown disease, losing his voice and memory. Invited by the government of Bangladesh, Nazrul and his family moved to Dhaka in 1972, where he died in 1976.

Word Meanings with Synonyms :    well-known (I‡qj-†bŠb)v.– mycwiwPZ; famous. rebel (†i‡ej)n.– we‡`ªvnx, we‡ivax; one who revolts. struggle (÷ªvMj)v.– msMªvg Kiv; fight. obey(I‡e)v.–  gvb¨ Kiv, †g‡b Pjv; abide by. flee away (wd¬ A¨vI‡q)v.— cvwj‡q hvIqv; escape. collectively (Kv‡jKwUfwj)adv.— GKwÎZfv‡e; unitedly. move (gyf)v.— bovPov Kiv, ¯’vbvšÍwiZ nIqv, P‡j hvIqv; shift.

 e½vbyev` :  evsjv‡`‡ki RvZxq Kwe KvRx bRiæj Bmjvg| wZwb evsjv mvwn‡Z¨ we‡`ªvnx Kwe wn‡m‡e mycwiwPZ| wZwb 1899 mv‡ji 19 †g Avmvb‡mv‡ji Pziæwjqv‡Z Rš§MÖnY K‡ib| Avi evevi bvg wQj KvRx dwKi Avng` Ges Zvi gv‡qi bvg wQj Rv‡n`v LvZzb| wZwb `vwi‡`ª¨i weiæ‡× K‡Vvi msMÖvg K‡i‡Qb| Zv‡K ¯’vbxq GKwU cÖv_wgK we`¨vj‡q fwZ© Kiv nq| wKš‘ wZwb ¯‹z‡ji aiveuvav wbqg gvb‡Zb bv| ev‡iv eQi eq‡m wZwb evwo †_‡K cvwj‡q hvb Ges GKwU iæwU ˆZwii KviLvbvq KvR †bb Ges †mLv‡b wZwb cÖwZ gv‡m 5 UvKv K‡i †c‡Zb| bvU¨`‡j _vKvKvjxb wZwb KweZv, bvUK Ges mvwnZ¨ m¤ú‡K© Ávbjvf K‡iwQ‡jb| wZwb fvi‡Z weªwUk ivR‡`i weiæ‡× Zxeª wb›`v cÖKvk K‡ib Ges Zvi m„wóKg© †hgb Ôwe‡`ªvnxÕ, ÔfvOvi MvbÕ Ges Zvi cÖKvwkZ Ôa~g‡KZÕ cwÎKvi gva¨‡g Zv‡`i weiæ‡× we‡`ªvn †NvlYv K‡ib| Zvi Kg©Rxe‡b bRiæj AmsL¨ †QvU Mí, Dcb¨vm Ges cÖeÜ wj‡LwQ‡jb| Zvi Mvbmg~n mgwóMZfv‡e bRiæjm½xZ bv‡g cwiwPZ| 43 eQi eq‡m wZwb GK ARvbv †iv‡M fzM‡Z ïiæ K‡ib hvi d‡j wZwb Zvi K_v ejvi kw³ Ges ¯§„wZkw³ `ywUB nvwi‡qwQ‡jb| evsjv‡`k miKv‡ii Avgš¿‡Y wZwb Ges Zvi cwievi 1972 mv‡j XvKvq Av‡mb †hLv‡b 1976 mv‡j wZwb g„Zz¨eiY K‡ib|

  1. Complete the following tablewith the information given in the passage. 1 × 5 = 5
Who/What Event/Activity Where/Institute When
(i) ——— born at Churulia in Asansol 1899
He fled away from home (ii) ——
Nazrul and his family (iii) ——— Dhaka 1972
He suffered (iv) ——— 1942
He died in Dhaka (v) ——
  1. Read the passage again and write True orFalse beside the following statements. Give answers for the false statements.1 × 5 = 5

(a)  Nazrul was born in a rich family.

(b) Nazrul took a job of a baker boy at the age of twelve.

(c)  The songs of Nazrul are known as Nazrul Geeti.

(d) Nazrul spent his boyhood in luxury.

(e)  At the age of 34, Nazrul began suffering from an unknown disease.

Ans.

  1. (i) Kazi Nazrul Islam; (ii) 1911; (iii) moved; (iv) an unknown disease; (v) 1976.
  2. (a) False. Nazrul was born in a poor family.

(b) True.

(c) True.

(d) False. Nazrul spent his boyhood in poverty.

(e) False. At the age of 43, Nazrul began suffering from an unknown disease.

Unseen Passage – 12 

Read the following text carefully and answer the questions. (wb‡Pi cvV¨vskwU g‡bv‡hvM mnKv‡i co Ges  cªkœ¸‡jvi DËi `vI|

Hazrat Omar (R) was a great Caliph of the Muslim world. He was a kind hearted and just ruler. Usually he went round different places at night to see for himself the conditions of his people. He did it in disguise.

One night the Caliph was walking alone as usual. Suddenly he heard some noise while he was passing by a hut. He went near the hut and found that some children were sitting around a big pot. Their mother was cooking something in the pot. The children were hungry and they were crying for food. “What are you cooking?” the Caliph asked. The woman looked at his face helplessly and did not say anything. Then the Caliph found out that there was no food inside the pot. She was just boiling water. He was very sorry. He quickly came back to the “National Store”, took a bag of flour and carried it himself to the woman. “Thank you, stranger,” said the woman. “Thank you for your help. The Caliph should be as kind as you.”

In fact, the woman did not know that the stranger was the Caliph himself.

Word Meanings with Synonyms :    caliph (K¨vwjd)n.– Lwjdv, kvmK; ruler. usually (BDRyqvwj)adv.– mvaviYZ; generally. disguise (wWmMvBR)n.– QÙ‡ek; concealment. hear(†nqvi)v.–  †kvbv; listen. noise (b‡qR)n.— †Mvjgvj; chaos. cook (KyK)v.— ivbœv Kiv; making food by heating. helplessly (†ní‡jmwj)adv.— Amnvqfv‡e; poorly. quickly (KzBKwj)adv.— ZvovZvwo; soon. stranger (†÷ªÄvi)n.— AvMš‘K; unknown person.

 e½vbyev` :  nhiZ Igi (iv) gymwjg we‡k¦i GKRb gnvb Lwjdv wQ‡jb| wZwb GKRb `qvjy Ges b¨vqcivqY kvmK wQ‡jb| wZwb mvaviYZ RbM‡Yi Ae¯’v ch©‡eÿ‡Yi Rb¨ iv‡Zi †ejvq wewfbœ RvqMv Ny‡i †`L‡Zb| wZwb QÙ‡e‡k G KvRwU Ki‡Zb|

GKiv‡Z Lwjdv Ab¨ w`‡bi gZB GKvKx nuvUwQ‡jb| wZwb GKwU Kzu‡oN‡ii cvk w`‡q hvIqvi mgq nVvr wKQz †Mvjgvj ïb‡Z †c‡jb| wZwb Kzu‡oN‡ii wbK‡U †M‡jb Ges †`L‡jb †h wKQz †Q‡j‡g‡q GKwU eo cv‡Îi Pviw`K wN‡i e‡m Av‡Q| Zv‡`i gv cv‡Î wKQz GKUv ivbœv KiwQ‡jb| wkïiv ÿzavZ© wQj Ges Zviv Lvev‡ii Rb¨ Kuv`wQj| ÒAvcwb Kx ivbœv Ki‡Qb?Ó Lwjdv wR‡Ám Ki‡jb| gwnjvwU Zuvi w`‡K Amnv‡qi fw½‡Z ZvKv‡jb Ges wKQzB ej‡jb bv| ZLb Lwjdv †`L‡jb †h cv‡Îi g‡a¨ †Kv‡bv Lvevi wQj bv| wZwb (gwnjv) ïay cvwb Mig KiwQ‡jb| wZwb (Igi iv) Lye `ytL †c‡jb| wZwb `ªæZ Òivóªxq fvÊv‡iÓ Avm‡jb, GK e¯Ív gq`v wb‡jb Ges wb‡RB gwnjvi Kv‡Q e‡q wb‡q †M‡jb| ÒAvcbv‡K ab¨ev`, AvMš‘K,Ó gwnjv ej‡jb| ÒAvcbvi mvnv‡h¨i R‡b¨ ab¨ev`| Lwjdvi DwPZ Avcbvi g‡Zv `qvevb nIqv|Ó

cÖK…Zc‡ÿ, gwnjv Rvb‡Z cvij bv †h GB AvMš‘KB wQ‡jb ¯^qs Lwjdv|

  1. Complete the following table with the information given in the passage: 1 × 5 = 5
Who Activity What/Where Event/Time
i) ……….. was great Caliph Muslim world.
Hazrat Omar(R) was ruler (ii) ………..
Hazrat Omar(R) observed conditions of people (iii) ………..
The stranger was iv) ……….. himself.
The Caliph entered a poor woman’s house v) ………..
  1. Read the passage again and write True or False beside the following statements. Give answers for the false statements. 1 × 5 = 5

(a) Hazrat Omar (R) was walking in disguise.

(b) The children were crying for their father.

(c) The woman was cooking food for her children.

(d) Hazrat Omar (R) gave the woman some flour from the national store.

(e) Hazrat Omar (R) was not sorry for the woman.

Ans.

  1. (i) Hazrat Omar(R); (ii) of kind heart; (iii) in disguise; (iv) Caliph; (v) one night.
  2. (a) True.

(b) False. The children were crying for food.

(c) False. The woman was just boiling water.

(d) True.

(e) False. Hazrat Omar (R) was very sorry for the woman.

Unseen Passage – 13 

Read the following text carefully and answer the questions. (wb‡Pi cvV¨vskwU g‡bv‡hvM mnKv‡i co Ges  cªkœ¸‡jvi DËi `vI|

Mount Everest is in the Himalayan Mountains. It is to the north of India between Tibet and Nepal. It is the highest peak in the world. It is over 29,000 feet above sea level. It was named after an Englishman, George Everest who was the first to survey the Himalayas in 1841. Many expeditions had been led to conquer the Everest. Some of them had to be abandoned. Many climbers who took part in them lost their lives. Sir Edmund Hillary from New Zealand and his companion Tenzing Norgay from Nepal led an expedition in 1953. The expedition was set out on March 10. As the climbers were going up, they set up camps at different places. They left some of their men and supplies in those camps. The highest camp was set up at 27,000 feet. Only Hillary and Tenzing reached that height on March 25. But the top was still 2000 feet away. After two months of difficult and dangerous climbing, they succeeded reaching the top on May 10. They must have felt excited when they stood there. They have gone down in history as the conquerors of the highest mountain in the world. They were given a hearty welcome in 1954. In 1958 both of them were given the honour of world hero.

Word Meanings with Synonyms :    peak (wcK)n. – ce©Z k„½; the pointed top of a mountain. sea level (mx †j‡fj)n.– mgy`ªc„ô; the surface of a sea. survey (mv‡f©)v.– Rwic Kiv, Z`šÍ Kiv; inspect. conquer (Kb&‡Kvqvi)v. –  Rq Kiv, AwZµg Kiv; win. abandon (A¨vevbWb)v.— cwiZ¨³ nIqv; leave. take part (†UBK cvU©)v.— AskMÖnY Kiv; participate. companion (Kgc¨vwbqb)n.— m½x, eÜz; fellow, friend. excited (G·vB‡UW)adj.— †ivgvwÂZ; thrilled.

 e½vbyev` :  Gfv‡i÷ ce©Zk„½ wngvjq ce©Zgvjvq Aew¯’Z| GwU fvi‡Zi c~e©w`‡K wZeŸZ I †bcv‡ji gv‡S Aew¯’Z| GwU c„w_exi m‡e©v”P k„½| GwU mgy`ªc„ô †_‡K 29000 dz‡UiI †ewk DuPz‡Z Aew¯’Z| RR© Gfv‡i÷ bvgK GKRb Bs‡i‡Ri bv‡g Gi bvgKiY Kiv nq whwb 1841 mv‡j cÖ_g wngvjq Rwic K‡ib| Gfv‡i÷‡K Rq Kivi Rb¨ A‡bK Awfhvb cwiPvwjZ n‡qwQj| †m¸‡jvi g‡a¨ wKQz cwiZ¨³ n‡qwQj| G¸‡jv‡Z †hme Av‡ivnYKvix Ask wb‡qwQ‡jb, Zv‡`i A‡b‡KB cÖvY nvwi‡qwQ‡jb| 1953 mv‡j wbDwRj¨v‡Ûi m¨vi GWgÛ wnjvwi I Zvi m½x †bcv‡ji †ZbwRs †bvi‡M GKwU Awfhvb cwiPvjbv K‡ib| Awfhvb ïiæ nq 10 gvP©| Av‡ivnYKvixiv hLb Dc‡i DVwQ‡jb, Zviv wewfbœ ¯’v‡b Zuvey ¯’vcb K‡ib| Zviv Zv‡`i wKQz †jvK Ges im` Zuvey¸‡jv‡Z †i‡L hvb| m‡e©v”P ZuveywU ¯’vwcZ nq 27,000 dzU DuPz‡Z| ïay wnjvwi Ges †ZbwRsB 25 gvP© H D”PZvq †cŠuQvb| wKš‘ wkLi ZLbI 2000 dzU DuPz‡Z wQj| `yB gv‡mi KóKi I wec¾bK Av‡ivn‡Yi ci 10 †g Zviv wkL‡i †cŠuQ‡Z mdj nb| †mLv‡b `uvov‡bvi ci Zviv wbðqB †ivgvwÂZ n‡qwQ‡jb| c„w_exi m‡e©v”P k„½weRqx wn‡m‡e  Zviv BwZnv‡m ¯^xK…wZ †c‡q‡Qb| 1954 mv‡j Zv‡`i‡K GK AvšÍwiK Af¨_©bv Rvbv‡bv nq| 1958 mv‡j Zv‡`i Dfq‡KB wek¦bvq‡Ki gh©v`v cÖ`vb Kiv nq|

  1. Complete the following table with the information given in the passage. 1 × 5 = 5
Who/What Event Time
(i) ……………………………. first survey of the Himalayas 1841
Hillary and Tenzing led an expedition (ii) ……………………
The expedition (iii) ………………………….. March 10
(iv) …………………………… was given 1954
Hillary and Tenzing (v) ……………………………. 1958
  1. Read the passage again and write True or False beside the following statements. Give answer for the false statements. 1 × 5 = 5

(a) Mount Everest is in the Tibetan Mountains.

(b) It is over 9000 feet above the sea level.

(c) Sir Edmund Hillary led an expedition in 1953.

(d) Tenzing and Hillary reached the top on March 10.

(e) They needed 45 days to climb the last 2000 feet.

Ans.

  1. (i) George Everest; (ii) 1953; (iii) set out; (iv) Hearty welcome; (v) honour of the world hero.
  2. (a) False. Mount Everest is in the Himalayan Mountains.

(b) False. It is over 29000 feet above the sea level.

(c) False. Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay led an expedition in 1953.

(d) False. Tenzing and Hillary reached the top on May 10.

(e) True.

Unseen Passage – 14 

Read the following text carefully and answer the questions. (wb‡Pi cvV¨vskwU g‡bv‡hvM mnKv‡i co Ges  cªkœ¸‡jvi DËi `vI|

Cricket is one of the most popular games, especially, One Day Cricket. The first One Day Cricket was played in Australia. One Day World Cup Cricket tournament was held first in England in 1975. The West Indies won the trophy. The 2nd and 3rd touraments were also held in England in 1979 and 1983 respectively. In 1987 Pakistan and India were host countries. In 1992 Pakistan won the trophy from Australia and New Zealand. The first Asian Test Final match was held in 1999 in Bangladesh. Bangladesh became Champion in ICC in 1997 in Malaysia. The World Cup Cricket Tournament of 1999 was held in England. Bangladesh also participated in this tournament. It was the last tournament of the 20th Century. Mini World Cup competition was held in Bangladesh in 1998. In 1996 Pakistan, India and Sri Lanka jointly arranged the tournament and Sri Lanka won the trophy.

Word Meanings with Synonyms :    tournament (Uzb©v‡g›U)n.– cÖwZ‡hvwMZv; competition. trophy (Uªwd)n.– Uªwd, †Kvb cÖwZ‡hvwMZvq †RZv cyi¯‹vi; a prize for winning a competition. hold (†nvì)v.– AbywôZ nIqv; perform, execute, observe. century (†mÂzwi)n.–  kZvãx; a period of one hundred years. arrange (A¨v‡iBÄ)v.— msMwVZ Kiv, e¨e¯’v Kiv; organise. jointly (R‡q›Uwj)adv.— †hŠ_fv‡e, hyM¥fv‡e; unitedly.

 e½vbyev` :  wµ‡KU me©vwaK RbwcÖq †Ljv¸‡jvi g‡a¨ GKwU, we‡kl K‡i GK w`‡bi wµ‡KU| cÖ_g GKw`‡bi wµ‡KU †Ljv AbywôZ nq A‡÷ªwjqvq| cÖ_g GKw`‡bi wµ‡K‡Ui wek¦Kvc Uzb©v‡g›U AbywôZ nq Bsj¨v‡Û 1975 mv‡j| I‡q÷ BwÛR wk‡ivcv wR‡ZwQj| wØZxq I Z…Zxq Uzb©v‡g›UI AbywôZ n‡qwQj Bsj¨v‡Û h_vµ‡g 1979 I 1983 mv‡j| 1987 mv‡j cvwK¯Ívb Ges fviZ wQj Av‡qvRK †`k| 1992 mv‡j A‡÷ªwjqv Ges wbDwRj¨vÛ †_‡K cvwK¯Ívb wk‡ivcv wR‡ZwQj| cÖ_g Gwkqvb †U÷ dvBbvj †Ljv AbywôZ nq evsjv‡`‡k 1999 mv‡j| evsjv‡`k 1997 mv‡j gvj‡qwkqvq AvBwmwm P¨vw¤úqb nq| 1999 mv‡ji wek¦Kvc wµ‡KU Uzb©v‡g›U AbywôZ nq Bsj¨v‡Û| evsjv‡`kI GB Uzb©v‡g‡›U AskMÖnY K‡iwQj| GwU wQj wesk kZvãxi me©‡kl Uzb©v‡g›U| evsjv‡`‡k wgwb wek¦Kvc cÖwZ‡hvwMZv AbywôZ n‡qwQj 1998 mv‡j| 1996 mv‡j †hŠ_fv‡e cvwK¯Ívb, fviZ Ges kªxjsKv Uzb©v‡g›U Av‡qvRb K‡iwQj Ges kªxjsKv wk‡ivcv wR‡ZwQj|

  1. Complete the following table with the information given in the passage:- 1 × 5 = 5
Who/What Event/Achievement Place/Country Time/Year
Cricket the first One Day (i) ——
One Day tournament World Cup England (ii)… ——.
(iii) —— trophy England in 1975.
Bangladesh (iv) —— Malaysia in 1996.
Mini World Cup held (v) —— in 1998.
  1. Read the passage again and write True or False beside the following statements. Give answers for the false statements. 1 × 5 = 5

(a)  The first Asian Test Final Match was held in Pakistan in 1890.

(b) Bangladesh became runners up in ICC in 1996 in Malaysia.

(c)  The World Cup Cricket tournament of 1999 was held in Australia.

(d) Mini World Cup competition was held in Bangladesh in 1998.

(e)  Pakistan, India and Sri Lanka jointly arranged Mini World Cup competition in 1996.

Ans.

  1. (i) Australia; (ii) 1975; (iii) West Indies; (iv) champion in ICC; (v) Bangladesh.
  2. (a) False. The first Asian Test Final match was held in 1999 in Bangladesh.

(b)  False. Bangladesh became Champion in ICC in 1997 in Malaysia.

(c)  False. The World Cup Cricket tournament of 1999 was held in England.

(d)  True.

(e)  False. Pakistan, India and Srilanka jointly arranged World Cup Competition in 1996.

Unseen Passage – 15 

Read the following text carefully and answer the questions. (wb‡Pi cvV¨vskwU g‡bv‡hvM mnKv‡i co Ges  cªkœ¸‡jvi DËi `vI|

Before Helen Keller was two years old, she lost her sight and hearing. She lived in a world of confusion until the arrival of Anne Mansfield Sullivan, the woman who was to change Helen’s life. On March 3, 1887, Miss Sullivan arrived at the Keller’s home.

It was three months before Helen’s seventh birthday. Miss Sullivan worked closely with her new student. At times, the teacher became frustrated, eventually, Miss Sullivan’s efforts were rewarded. The deaf and blind Helen Keller learned to communicate verbally.

Word Meanings with Synonyms :    hearing (†nqvwis)n.– kªeYkw³; power of listening. confusion (KbwdDkb)n.– AwbðqZv; uncertainty. change (†PBÄ)v.– cwieZ©b Kiv, e`‡j †`qv; exchange. closely(†K¬vRwj)adv.–  Nwbôfv‡e; intimately. frustrated (d«vm‡Uª‡UW)adj.— nZvk; disappointed. eventually (B‡fbPzqvwj)adv.— Ae‡k‡l; at last. effort (GdU©)n.— cª‡Póv, †Póv; attempt. reward (wiIqvW©)v.— cyi¯‹vi †`qv, cyi¯‹…Z nIqv; award.

e½vbyev` :  †n‡jb †Kjv‡ii eqm 2 eQi nIqvi c~‡e©B wZwb Zuvi `„wókw³ Ges kªeYkw³ nvivb| †n‡j‡bi Rxeb e`‡j †`qv gwnjv, A¨vwb g¨vbmwdì mywjfv‡bi AvMg‡bi c~e© ch©šÍ wZwb GK AwbðqZvi c„w_ex‡Z evm Ki‡Zb | 1887 mv‡ji 3 gvP© wgm mywjfvb †Kjvi‡`i evwo‡Z Dcw¯’Z nb|

GUv wQj †n‡j‡bi mßg Rš§w`‡bi wZb gvm c~‡e©i K_v| wgm mywjfvb Zvi bZzb QvÎxi mv‡_ Nwbôfv‡e KvR Ki‡Z jvM‡jb| gv‡S gv‡S wkÿK nZvk n‡Zb, Ae‡k‡l, wgm mywjfv‡bi cÖ‡Póv mdj n‡qwQj| ewai Ges AÜ †n‡jb †Kjvi †gŠwLKfv‡e †hvMv‡hvM Ki‡Z wkLj|

  1. Complete the following table with the information given in the passage. 1 × 5 = 5
Who Activity What/Where Event/time
Helen Keller was blind (i) ——
(ii) —— arrival at Keller’s home 1887
Sullivan got (iii).. —— sometimes
Keller able to communicate verbally (iv)… ——
Helen Keller living (v) —— until the arrival of Sullivan
  1. Read the passage again and write True or False beside the following statements. Give answers for the false statements. 1 × 5 = 5

(a) Helen Keller was blind since her birth.

(b) Anne Sullivan was Helen Keller’s teacher.

(c)  Sometimes Sullivan became frustrated.

(d) Sullivan arrived at Keller’s home on March 3, 1887.

(e)  Finally, Hellen Keller was able to communicate verbally.

Ans.

  1. (i) before two years old; (ii) Miss Sullivan; (iii) frustrated; (iv) with the help of Sullivan; (v) in a world of confusion.
  2. (a) False. Helen Keller was blind before she was two years old. (b) True. (c) True. (d) True. (e) True.

Unseen Passage – 16 

Read the following text carefully and answer the questions. (wb‡Pi cvV¨vskwU g‡bv‡hvM mnKv‡i co Ges  cªkœ¸‡jvi DËi `vI|

Grandfather told this story to Hasan and Arif.

Once some parts of the body were unhappy. They thought that only the stomach ate. “The stomach eats,” they said, “but it doesn’t work. We think it’s lazy. It’s greedy too.”

“We both work hard all day.” said the hands. “We wash all the the clothes and the whole body. We collect the food and cook it. We work in the fields and write letters too. Look at the stomach! It doesn’t work like us. It only eats and eats.”

Then the legs said, “Without us the hands can’t do much. We both carry the whole body and can sometimes run away from danger. We can jump and kick footballs too. Look at the stomach! We think it doesn’t work like us. It only eats and eats.”

 Word Meaning with Synonyms :  unhappy (Avbn¨vwc)adj.— AmyLx; sad. stomach (†÷vgvK)n.— cvK¯’jx; belly. lazy (†jwR)adj.— Ajm; idle. greedy (wMÖwW)adj.— †jvfx; covetous, avaricious. collect (Kv‡j±)v.— msMÖn Kiv; gather. cook (KzK)v.— ivbœv Kiv; making something by heating. carry (K¨vwi)v.— enb Kiv; hold, bear, convey. run away (ivb A¨vI‡q)v.— †`Š‡o cvjv‡bv; escape. danger (†WÄvi)n.— wec`; trouble. kick (wKK)v. — jvw_ gviv; to hit something with leg.

 e½vbyev` :  `v`v nvmvb Ges Avwid‡K GB MíwU e‡jwQj| GK`v kix‡ii wKQz A½ AmyLx n‡jv| Zviv fvej cvK¯’jx ïayB Lvq| ÒcvK¯’jx ïay LvqÓ, Zviv ejj, ÒwKš‘ †Kv‡bv KvR K‡i bv| Avgv‡`i GUv‡K Ajm g‡b nq| GUv †jvfxI|Ó

ÒAvgiv DfqB mvivw`b a‡i K‡Vvi cwikªg Kwi|Ó nvZ¸‡jv ejj, ÒAvgiv mKj Kvco-†Pvco Ges mg¯Í kixi ayB| Avgiv Lvevi msMÖn Kwi Ges ivbœv Kwi| Avgiv gv‡V KvR Kwi Ges wPwVI wjwL| cvK¯’jx‡K †`L! GUv Avgv‡`i g‡Zv KvR K‡i bv| GUv ïay Lvq Avi Lvq|Ó

Zvici cv¸‡jv ejj, ÒAvgv‡`i Qvov nvZ †ewk KvR Ki‡Z cv‡i bv| Avgiv DfqB m¤ú~Y© kixiUv‡K enb Kwi Ges gv‡S gv‡S wec` †_‡K †`Š‡o cvjvB| Avgiv jvdv‡Z Ges dzUe‡j jvw_I gvi‡Z cvwi| cvK¯’jx‡K †`L! Avgiv g‡b Kwi GUv Avgv‡`i g‡Zv KvR K‡i bv| GUv ïayB Lvq Avi Lvq|Ó

  1. Complete the following table with the information given in the text. 1 × 5 = 5
Who/What Event/Activity Whom/What When/Time
The story was told to Hasan and Arif (i) ……………….
Some parts of the body blamed (ii) ………………. once.
The hands (iii) ………………. the  clothes sometimes.
(iv) ……………….. carry the whole body always.
The hands also write (v) ………………. sometimes.
  1. Read the passage again and write True or False beside the following statements. Give answers for the false statements. 1 × 5 = 5

(a) Hasan told a story to Arif.

(b) Some parts of the body were sad.

(c) They thought that the stomach only slept.

(d) The legs collect food and cook it.

(e) The hands work hard the whole day.

Ans.

  1. (i) one day; (ii) the stomach; (iii) wash; (iv) The legs; (v) letters.
  2. (a) False. Grandfather told a story to Hasan and Arif.

(b) True.

(c) False. They thought that the stomach only ate.

(d) False. The hands collect food and cook it.

(e) True.

Unseen Passage – 17 

Read the following text carefully and answer the questions. (wb‡Pi cvV¨vskwU g‡bv‡hvM mnKv‡i co Ges  cªkœ¸‡jvi DËi `vI|

Mother Teresa was born on 26 August 1910 in Skopje, Macedonia. Her father, a well respected local businessman, died when she was eight years old. Her mother was a devoutly religious woman. After the death of her husband, she opened an embroidery and cloth business to support her family. Mother Teresa came to Calcutta in India on 6 January 1929. She decided to be a nun on 24 May 1937, and here after was called Mother Teresa. Mother Teresa was moved by the presence of the sick and dying on the streets of Kolkata. She founded the home for the dying destitute and named it ‘Nirmal Hridoy’, meaning ‘Pure Heart’. She and her fellow nuns gathered the dying people off the streets of Kolkata and brought them to this home. Mother Teresa’s work has been recognised throughout the world and she has received a number of awards. These include the Pope John XXIII Peace Prize (1971), the Nehru Prize for Promotion of International Peace & Understanding (1972), the Balzan Prize (1978), the Nobel Peace Prize (1979) and the Bharat Ratna (1980).

Mother Teresa died at the age of 87, on 5 September 1997. The world salutes her for her love and compassion for humanity.

Word Meanings with Synonyms :    respected (†im‡cK‡UW)adj.– m¤§vwbZ; honourable. devoutly (wWfvDUwj)adv.– AvšÍwiKfv‡e, g‡b cÖv‡Y; cordially. open (I‡cb)v.– †Lvjv; start. decide(wWmvBW)v.–  wm×všÍ †bqv; conclude, resolve. was moved (IqvR gyfW&)v.p.— Av‡›`vwjZ n‡qwQj, e¨w_Z n‡qwQj; was afflicted. found (dvDÛ)v.— cÖwZôv Kiv; establish. gather (M¨v`vi)v.— GKÎ Kiv, R‡ov Kiv; collect. recognise (wiKMbvBR)v.— ¯^xK…wZ cÖ`vb Kiv; acknowledge.

 e½vbyev` :  gv`vi †Z‡imv 1910 mv‡ji 26 AvM÷ †gwm‡Wvwbqvi †¯‹vwcqv‡Z Rb¥MÖnY K‡ib| Zvi wcZv GjvKvi GKRb wewkó e¨emvqx wQ‡jb Ges Zvi eqm hLb AvU eQi ZLb Zvi wcZv gviv hvb| Zvi gv wQ‡jb GKRb AvšÍwiKfv‡e ag©cÖvY gwnjv| Zvi ¯^vgxi g„Zz¨i ci wZwb cwiev‡ii fiY‡cvlY Kivi Rb¨ Kvc‡oi e¨emv Ges  GgeªqWvwii KvR ïiæ K‡ib| gv`vi †Z‡imv 1929 mv‡ji 6 Rvbyqvwi fvi‡Zi KjKvZvq G‡mwQ‡jb| wZwb 1937 mv‡ji 24 †g bvb nIqvi wm×všÍ †bb Ges Zvici †_‡K Zv‡K gv`vi †Z‡imv e‡j WvKv n‡Zv| KjKvZvi iv¯Ívi Amy¯’ I gyg~l©y‡`i Dcw¯’wZ gv`vi †Z‡imv‡K Av‡›`vwjZ K‡iwQj| wZwb gyg~ly© `y¯’‡`i Rb¨ Ôwbg©j ü`qÕ hvi A_© ÔcweÎ ü`qÕ bv‡g GKwU wbevm cÖwZôv K‡ib| wZwb I Zvi mnKgx© bvbMY KjKvZvi iv¯Ív †_‡K gyg~ly© †jvKRb R‡ov Ki‡Zb Ges Zv‡`i‡K GB wbev‡m wb‡q Avm‡Zb|

gv`vi †Z‡imvi Kg© wek¦e¨vcx ¯^xK…wZ †c‡q‡Q Ges wZwb AmsL¨ cyi¯‹v‡i f‚wlZ n‡q‡Qb| G¸‡jvi g‡a¨ i‡q‡Q †cvc Rb (23) kvwšÍ cyi¯‹vi (1971), AvšÍR©vwZK kvwšÍ I mngwg©Zvi Rb¨ †bniæ cyi¯‹vi (1972), ejRvb cyi¯‹vi (1978), †bv‡ej kvwšÍ cyi¯‹vi (1979) Ges fviZiZœ (1980)|

gv`vi †Z‡imv 1997 mv‡ji 5 †m‡Þ¤^i 87 eQi eq‡m g„Zz¨eiY K‡ib| wek¦ Zvi gvbeZvi cÖwZ fv‡jvevmv I mg‡e`bvi Rb¨ Zv‡K Awfev`b K‡i|

  1. Complete the following table with the information given in the passage: 1 × 5 = 5
Who Year Events Name of place/ Awards
Mother Teresa (i) —— was born Skopje, Macedonia.
She in 1971 (ii) —— Pope John XXIII Peace Prize.
(iii) —— in 1972 receiving award Nehru Prize.
She (iv).. —— receiving award Nobel Prize.
She in 1997 (v) —— India.
  1. Read the passage again and write True or False beside the following statements. Give answers for the false statements. 1 × 5 = 5

(a)  Mother Teresa founded ‘Nirmal Hridoy’ for the dying destitute.

(b)  Mother Teresa has taught us cruelty.

(c)  At the age of sixty three Mother Teresa received Nobel Prize.

(d)  Mother Teresa get Balzan Prize in 1978.

(e)  She died at the age of 85.

Ans.

  1. (i) 1910; (ii) receiving award; (iii) Mother Teresa; (iv) 1979; (v) died.
  2. (a) True.

(b) False. Mother Teresa has taught us humanity.

(c)  False. At the age of sixty nine Mother Teresa received Nobel Prize.

(d) True.

(e)  False. She died at the age of 87.

Unseen Passage – 18 

Read the following text carefully and answer the questions. (wb‡Pi cvV¨vskwU g‡bv‡hvM mnKv‡i co Ges  cªkœ¸‡jvi DËi `vI|

The pioneer of Bangladeshi modern art, Zainul Abedin, was born in Kishoreganj on 29 December 1914. He was a great artist of Bangladesh. He is widely acclaimed for his Bengal ‘Famine Sketches’. Through a series of sketches he showed the harsh famine of 1940 and its sinister face through the skeletal figures of the people destined to die from starvation. He depicted these extremely shocking pictures with human compassion. He produced a series of brush and ink drawings which later became iconic images of human sufferings. He was graduated from the Government school of Art, Calcutta, with the first position in first class. He is considered the founding father of Bangladeshi art. For his outstanding talent in art, he is referred to as ‘Shilpacharya’ meaning ‘great teacher of art’. He founded the Folk Art Museum in Sonargaon and Zainul Abedin Shangrahasala in Mymensingh.

Word Meanings with Synonyms :    pioneer (cvBIwbqvi)n.– AMÖ`~Z; herald. widely (IqvBWwj)adv.– e¨vcKfv‡e; greatly. is acclaimed (BR A¨vK‡K¬BgW)v.p.– cÖkswmZ nb| harsh(nvm©)adj.–  KwVb, iƒX, wbg©g; cruel, brutal. famine (†dwgb)n.— `ywf©ÿ; starvation. depict(†Wwc±)v.— eY©bv Kiv, dzwU‡q †Zvjv; describe. compassion (Kgc¨vmb)n.— Av‡eM; sentiment, feeling. outstanding (AvDU÷¨vwÛs)adj.— AmvaviY; extra-ordinary.

 e½vbyev` :  evsjv‡`wk AvaywbK wPÎKjvi cw_K…r, Rqbyj Av‡e`xb 1914 mv‡ji 29 wW‡m¤^i wK‡kviMÄ †Rjvq Rš§MÖnY K‡ib| wZwb evsjv‡`‡ki GKRb weL¨vZ wPÎwkíx wQ‡jb| wZwb evsjvi Ô`ywf©‡ÿi wPθ‡jviÕ Rb¨ e¨vcKfv‡e mycwiwPZ| GKwU avivevwnK wPÎK‡g©i ga¨ w`‡q wZwb 1940 mv‡ji `ywf©‡ÿi wbg©g wPÎwU Gu‡K‡Qb Ges wbqwZwba©vwiZ Abvnv‡i g„Zz¨eiYKvix gvby‡li KsKvjmvi wPÎ A¼‡bi gva¨‡g GB `ywf©‡ÿi me©MÖvmx iƒcwU dzwU‡q Zz‡j‡Qb| wZwb gvbweK Av‡eM wb‡q H gg©vwšÍK Qwe¸‡jv Gu‡K‡Qb| wZwb A‡bK¸‡jv Zzwj I Kvwji AuvKv Qwe m„wó K‡i‡Qb †h¸‡jv cwieZx©‡Z gvby‡li `ytL `y`k©vi Av`k© wPÎ n‡q c‡o‡Q| wZwb †KvjKvZvi miKvix AvU© ¯‹zj †_‡K cÖ_g †kªwY‡Z cÖ_g n‡q mœvZK wWwMÖ jvf K‡ib| wZwb evsjv‡`wk wPÎ wk‡íi cÖwZôvZv RbK wn‡m‡e we‡ewPZ nb| wPÎwk‡í AmvaviY †gavi Rb¨ Zv‡K ÔwkívPvh©Õ gv‡b ÒwPÎwk‡íi gnvb wkÿKÓ wn‡m‡e AwfwnZ Kiv nq| wZwb †mvbviMuv‡q †jvKwkí Rv`yNi Ges gqgbwms‡n Rqbyj Av‡ew`b msMÖnkvjv ¯’vcb K‡ib|

  1. Complete the following table with the information given in the passage: 1 × 5 = 5
Who/What Event/Information Where/What When/How
Zainul Abedin was born (i) ………. 1914.
His Zainul Abedin Shangrahasala Mymensingh (ii).. ……..
The famine broke out (iii) ………. 1940’s.
(iv)… ………. was founded in Sonargaon in his lifetime.
His series of sketches (v) ………. iconic image now-a-days.
  1. Read the passage again and write True or False beside the following statements. Give answers for the false statements. 1 × 5 = 5

(a) Zainul Abedin was born in Kishoreganj on 29 December 1912.

(b) Through a series of Sketches he showed the harsh famine of 1940.

(c) Zainul Abedin was graduated from Dhaka University.

(d) He is considered the founding father of Bangladeshi art.

(e) He founded the Folk Art Museum in Mymensingh and Zainul Abedin Shangrahasala in Sonargaon.

Ans.

  1. (i) Kishoreganj; (ii) in his life time; (iii) Bengal; (iv) Folk Art Museum; (v) became.
  2. (a) False. Zainul Abedin was bom in Kishoreganj on 29 December, 1914.

(b) True.

(c) False. Zainul Abedin was graduated from Government School of Art, Calcutta.

(d) True.

(e) False. He founded the Folk Art Museum in Sonargaon and Zainul Abedin Shangrahasala in Mymensingh.

Unseen Passage – 19 

Read the following text carefully and answer the questions. (wb‡Pi cvV¨vskwU g‡bv‡hvM mnKv‡i co Ges  cªkœ¸‡jvi DËi `vI|

Man is the maker of his own fate. If he makes the proper use of his time and does his duties accordingly, he is sure to prosper in life. But if he does otherwise, he is sure to repent when it is too late and he will have to drag a miserable existence day after day. To kill time is as bad as to commit suicide; for, our life is nothing but the sum total of hours, days and years. Youth is the golden season of life. In youth, the mind is soft and can be shaped in any form. If we sow good seeds, we shall reap a good harvest when we grow up.

Word Meanings with Synonyms :    maker (†gBKvi)n.– wbg©vZv; builder, architect. proper (cÖcvi)adj.– h_vh_, mwVK; right, according to rules. prosper (cÖmcvi)v.– DbœwZ Kiv; develop. drag (Wª¨vM)v.– †U‡b wb‡q hvIqv, `xN©vwqZ Kiv; pull, prolong. existence (GM&wR÷¨vÝ)n.— Aw¯ÍZ¡, Ae¯’v; condition. shape (†kBc)v.— MVb Kiv; form.

 e½vbyev` :  gvbyl Zvi wb‡Ri fv‡M¨i wbg©vZv| hw` †m Zvi mg‡qi mwVK e¨envi K‡i Ges †m Abyhvqx Zvi KZ©e¨¸‡jv cvjb K‡i, †m Aek¨B Rxe‡b DbœwZ Ki‡e wKš‘ hw` †m Ab¨_v K‡i, Z‡e Zv‡K Aek¨B AbyZß n‡Z n‡e wKš‘ ZLb Lye †`wi  n‡q hv‡e Ges Zv‡K w`‡bi ci w`b GKwU †kvPbxq Ae¯’vi g‡a¨ KvUv‡Z n‡e| mgq bó Kiv AvZ¥nZ¨vi g‡ZvB Lvivc, KviY Avgv‡`i Rxeb NÈv, w`b Ges eQ‡ii mgwó Qvov Avi wKQzB bq| †hŠebKvj n‡”Q Rxe‡bi †mvbvwj FZz| †hŠebKv‡j gb big _v‡K Ges †h‡Kv‡bv AvK…wZ‡Z GwUi iƒc`vb Kiv hvq| hw` Avgiv fv‡jv exR ecb Kwi, hLb Avgiv eo n‡ev Avgiv GKwU fv‡jv dmj cve|

  1. Complete the following table with the information given in the passage. 1 × 5 = 5
A B C
Man (i) ……….. his own fate.
(ii) ……….. between killing time and suicide.
Life is nothing but (iii) ………..
Youth is (iv) ……….. of sowing seeds.
(v) ……….. make our fate and can destroy it.
  1. Read the passage again and write True or False beside the following statements. Give answers for the false statements. 1 × 5 = 5

(a)                    Man is the architect of his own fate.

(b)                    Life is nothing but enjoyment.

(c) He who use his time properly and do his duties properly can improve in life.

(d)                    Youth is the time of journey.

(e) The mind of a young man is soft.

Ans.

  1. (i) is the maker of; (ii) There is no difference; (iii) the sum total of hours, days and years; (iv) the golden season; (v) We can.
  2. (a) True.

     (b) False. Life is nothing but the sum total of hours, days and years.

(c)  True.

(d) False. Youth is the time of sowing seeds.

(e)  True.

Unseen Passage – 20 

Read the following text carefully and answer the questions. (wb‡Pi cvV¨vskwU g‡bv‡hvM mnKv‡i co Ges  cªkœ¸‡jvi DËi `vI|

Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809 in a log cabin in Kentucky. When he was seven years old, his family moved to Indiana. In 1830, the family moved to Illinois. As a boy, Abraham Lincoln loved books. He always borrowed books from his neighbours. Lincoln studied law in his free time. He was also interested in politics. He was elected to the Illinois legislature 4 times — in 1834, 1836, 1838 and 1840. He became the 16th president of the United States in 1861. A war took place between the North and the South in the U.S. It was a Civil War. Lincoln called people to fight for the North. The North won the war. There were slaves in the South. Lincoln set the slaves free in 1863. So they did not have to be slaves anymore. Lincoln is famous for that.

Word Meanings with Synonyms :    move (gyf)v.– P‡j hvIqv; go away. always (AjI‡qR)adv.– me©`v, me mgq; at all times. borrow (e‡iŠ)v.– avi Kiv; get something loan. neighbour (†bBevi)n.– cÖwZ‡ekx; a person who lives near us. interested (B‡›Uª‡÷W)adj.— AvMÖnx; eager. elect (B‡j±)v.— wbe©vwPZ nIqv; select. take place (†UBK †cøBm)v.— msNwUZ nIqv, NUv; occur. slave (†møBf)n.— `vm; servant.

 e½vbyev` :  Aveªvnvg wjsKb 1809 mv‡ji 12 †deªæqvwi †KbUvwKi GKwU Kv‡Vi KzwU‡i Rš§MÖnY K‡ib| Zvi eqm hLb mvZ eQi, ZLb Zvi cwievi BwÛqvbvq P‡j hvq| 1830 mv‡j cwieviwU Bwjb‡q P‡j hvq| evjK eq‡m Aveªvnvg wjsKb eB fv‡jvevm‡Zb| wZwb memgq Zvi cªwZ‡ekx‡`i KvQ †_‡K eB avi wb‡Zb| wjsKb Zvi Aemi mg‡q AvBb wel‡q †jLvcov Ki‡Zb| wZwb ivRbxwZ‡ZI AvMÖnx wQ‡jb| wZwb 1834, 1836, 1838 I 1840 mv‡j 4 evi Bwjbqm Gi AvBbmfvq wbe©vwPZ nb| 1861 mv‡j wZwb hy³iv‡óªi 16Zg †cÖwm‡W›U wbe©vwPZ nb| hy³iv‡óª DËi I `wÿ‡Yi g‡a¨ hy× n‡qwQj| GwU wQj M„nhy×| wjsKb RbMY‡K Dˇii c‡ÿ hy× Ki‡Z AvnŸvb K‡ib| hy‡× DËi As‡k Rqjvf K‡i| `wÿY As‡k A‡bK `vm wQj| wjsKb 1863 mv‡j `vm‡`i‡K gy³ K‡i †`b| ZvB Zv‡`i‡K Avi `vm n‡q _vK‡Z nqwb| G Rb¨ wjsKb weL¨vZ|

  1. Complete the following table with the information given in the passage. 1 × 5 = 5
Who/What Event Time Place
Abraham Lincoln (i) …………….. 1809 Kentucky
Lincoln’s family moved (ii) …………………. to Indiana
He (iii) ………………. 1861 (iv) …………………
(v) ………………….. were set free 1863 United States
  1. Read the passage again and write True or False beside the following statements. Give answer for the false statements. 1 × 5 = 5

(a) Abraham Lincoln had no interest in politics.

(b) The slaves were set free under the leadership of Lincoln.

(c) He became the prime minister of the US.

(d) A cabin means a palace.

(e) His neighbours used to lend him books.

Ans.

  1. (i) was born; (ii) 1816; (iii) was elected president; (iv) United States; (v) The slaves.
  2. (a) False. Abraham Lincoln had much interest in politics.

(b) True.

(c) False. He became the president of the U.S.

(d) False. A cabin means a small house made of wood.

(e) True.

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